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An Introduction to the Basics of Psychology Homework

Basics of Psychology for Your Homework

It’s claimed that Wilhelm Wundt is regarded as the father of psychology over other famous personalities. The lab facilitated the scientific study of the human psyche and behaviour. The German physiologist combined biology and philosophy to create psychology.

The development of the psychology laboratory placed psychology in a unique field. It involved different approaches and pondering new questions. As a result, psychology homework help you to get a better grip on the subject.

Four Main Branches of Psychology

Psychology is divided into four parts which are –

  1. Developmental Psychology–

It investigates the different developmental aspects of a child. Developmental psychologists offer a deeper outlook on the critical questions on child development, addressing some major theories. Some of its features include the nature versus nurture debate, which relates to genetics and the surrounding environment.

2. Behavioural Psychology–

Understanding the basics of behavioural psychology is crucial to clear the fundamental concepts on the subject. Some aspects include various forms of reinforcement and punishment, operant conditioning and classical conditioning.

3. Personality Psychology–

This branch of psychology understands the development of the human personality. It investigates the different factors that shape these identities using traits and separate personality disorders.

4. Social Psychology–

The goal is to understand the reasons behind the behavioural changes within large groups. Social psychology investigates social behaviour, interaction and the effect other people have on individual behaviour.

If you’re struggling with any of these branches, hiring a professional psychology homework helper can make things better and easier for you.

6 Different Psychology Perspectives

A perspective is a view or approach which includes assumptions or beliefs regarding human behaviour. The perspective investigates the functionality, importance and research approaches of the study.

The six main psychological perspectives (or approaches) are –

1. Behaviourist Perspective–

Behaviourism believes that the surrounding environment controls individuals, like people and animals. It depicts the present condition of the being as the result of learning from their situations and ambience. The behaviourist perspective follows two core processes – classical conditioning and operant conditioning.

2. Psychodynamic Perspective–

Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic Perspective was influenced by the psychodynamic theory proposed by psychologists Erikson and Jung.

Freud’s Psychodynamic Perspective depicts that the activities of human behaviour lie deep within the unconscious mind. Past childhood experiences shape them.

3. Humanistic Perspective–

Also known as holism, this psychological perspective studies the whole person. The humanistic perspective believes that a person’s behaviour remains attached to their self-image and inner feelings.

4. Cognitive Perspective–

This view investigates the different mental activities involving perception, attention, memory and more. The cognitive perspective considers individuals like computers that process information using the input-process-output method. Attempting your Psychology homework can help you understand the constituents of your memory.

Encoding involves where the information collects and processed. Storage is the place where information is stored or retained. Retrieval is the place where the information is recalled again.

5. Biological Psychology –

This perspective attributes every feeling, thought and behaviour to a prior biological cause. Biological psychology theorists investigate behavioural genomics, and the effect genes have on shaping behaviour. The biological approach considers behaviour as inherited with an evolutionary or adaptive functionality.

They investigate the structure of the brain and its effect on behaviour. Some of the contributions of biological psychology lie in relieving mental illness symptoms using drugs.

6. Evolutionary Psychology–

The core claim of evolutionary psychology declares that the brain or the human mind evolved to solve problems. 10,000 years into the Pleistocene period, hunter-gatherers began solving problems that gradually improved the human psyche. Evolutionary psychology uses selective pressures to depict or shape behaviour.

Most of the present behaviours result from the EEA or evolutionary adaptation environment that ensures the species’ survival. Understanding EEA can help you with evolutionary psychology homework.

The observed behaviour arises from natural selection to choose the people who are strong and have a reproductive capacity.

The Cross-Cultural Perspective

As the name suggests, the cross-cultural perspective assesses the effect various cultures have on individual thinking patterns and behaviour.

The outcome involves a cultural clash through an individualistic – Western approach against conservative collectivist concepts.

There are several contributions to psychological research from the cross-cultural perspective. First, the education system applies cross-cultural Piagetian tests, including discovering cultural variability across different writing styles. Scientific research shows that different parenting styles and cultural values contribute to educational success.

The Socio-Cultural Perspective in Psychology

The socio-cultural perspective analyzes the culture of individuals and social groups to determine human behaviour. Top psychology assignment expert identifies such shared pattern lifestyle also determines the standard of acceptable or unacceptable behaviour patterns.

This perspective expresses that people behave and learn depending on their cultural way of living. These cultural influences involve age, language, values, norms, geography and socio-economic conditions.

The cultural groups dictate the values or the behaviour standards and set the norms of good or bad behaviour. They show how individuals must behave and cooperate with others. Cross-cultural associations depend on the individuals’ environmental backgrounds.

Psychologists understand human behaviour using the sociocultural perspective (or sociocultural approach psychology or sociocultural psychology). They place the individual’s self at the centre of focus and explain their choices or behaviour – good or bad.

The theoretical models obtained from cross-cultural research offer a systematic framework to consider health and education in the cultural context.

Psychologists use the sociocultural approach to study how individual thoughts and behaviours are influenced by their family members, friends, religious perspectives and their surrounding environments. You can use psychology homework help from online sources to learn more about the sociocultural approach in Psychology.

The founder of the socio-cultural perspective is a Russian psychologist named Lev Vygotsky, who was influenced by the works of Jean Piaget.

Ending note:

Psychology is a broad field that investigates the different aspects of human behaviour. There are 4 main divisions in psychology: developmental, behavioural, personality, and social.

Author Bio

John Millar is a psychology teacher at Assignmenthelp.us, who has been offering psychology homework help to his students for the past seven years.

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